Q. What is cataract ?

Ans. Cataract is the opacification of normal crystalline lens in the eye

Q. Can cataract be treated with medicines ?

Ans. No there is no medicine to treat cataract. It is treated only with surgery.

Q. What is intraocular lens (IOL) ?

Ans. IOL is the artificial lens which is implanted after removal of cataract

Q. Is it permanent or you will have to change IOL after few year ?

Ans. No, once implanted IOL remains there for life. But trauma to the eye or some pre-existing cause can lead to dislocation of IOL

Q. Is it required to clean the IOL after few year of implantation ?

Ans. No there is no need to clean IOL but almost in all cases of cataract surgery over the period of time, a thin layer of our own cell grows on the capsule behind the IOL that will need laser treatment for once. It is a OPD procedure and takes only few minutes.

Q. Is it necessary to put IOL after cataract removal ?

Ans. Yes, it is necessary to put IOL after cataract removal to achieve good vision.

Q. After IOL implantation is it necessary to use spectacles ?

Ans. You will not require spectacles every time but for fine vision and for reading you will need it.

Q. After removal of cataract will it occur again ?

Ans. No, once removed cataract will not occur again

Q. What is the difference between cataract & Glaucoma?

Ans. Cataract is the opacification of natural crystalline lens in the eye leading to decreased vision which is reversible after removal of cataract. Glaucoma is a condition in which pressure in the eye increases leading to permanent damage to the optic nerve. Vision loss is irreversible. Medical or surgical treatment only preserves the remaining vision.

Q. Is it necessary to remain admitted for cataract surgery ? and after how many days I can join my routine work ?

Ans. No, there is no need to get admitted in the hospital. You can go home immediately after surgery and can join your routine work after 1 to 2 weeks but with proper medication advised by doctor.

Q. Exactly at what stage of cataract I should go for cataract surgery after diagnosis ?

Ans. Presently with availability of higher technology, precise and sophisticated technique, you can undergo surgery at any time, depending upon your need for day to day activity. There is no need to wait till the cataract becomes mature.

Q. Can use of spectacles decrease the cataract ?

Ans. No, it could not. But in early stages of cataract spectacles help to improve your vision at some level. But it is temporary.


Q. What is the cause of refractive error?

  • Trauma, surgery can lead to refractive error
  • Most of the persons who are above 40 years of age will need spectacles for near vision due to weakness in the accommodations power of eye

Q. Is it necessary to use spectacles all over the day?

Ans. If you are having only near vision error. (E.g. presbiopia of above 40 yr) then you can use it only while reading or for near fine work. Otherwise you will have to use it constantly

Q. Can continuous use of spects. reduces spectacle number?

Ans. Change in spectacle number is not dependent on use of spectacle. Plus number in childhood may get reduce and minus number in childhood may get increase as age advances up to 18 or 19.Refractive error which occurs at the age of 40 ( presbiopia) increases with the age.

Q. what is alternative for Spectacles?

Ans. you can use contact lens as an alternative to spectacles,but under the supervision of your doctor.

Q. what can be done for the elimination of spectacles?

Ans. LASIK is the best option to become free from spectacle and contact lenses. But your age should be between 18 to 40 year and your spectacle number should become constant for good and satisfying result.

Q. Is there any relation of spectacle number with nutrition?

Ans. No.

Q. Can overuse of mobile phone and continuous watching of TV leads to refractive error?

Ans. No, instead they make you aware of your error by causing stress on your eyes.


Q. What is Glaucoma ?

Ans. Glaucoma is a condition or a group of diseases in which the pressure inside the eye remains at higher level damaging very delicate organ of the eye i.e. optic never. gradually leading to blindness, which can not be restored.

Q. What are the causes of Glaucoma ?

Ans. There are so many different causes of glaucoma. But patient with diabetes, previous eye injury, eye surgery, long term use of steroids are more prone to develop glaucoma. older you are the risk of glaucoma is more and also those who are having family history of glaucoma are more prone.

Q. Is it curable ?

Ans. No, it is not curable,expect for some secondary glaucoma’s

Q. When Should I go to the doctor to rule out glaucoma ?

Ans. If you are having above mentioned risk factors and if your age is above 40 you should examine your eyes for glaucoma.

Q. For how long I will have to take medical line of treatment ?

Ans. For life long – depending upon the causative factor

Q. Can my vision be restored after glaucoma surgery ?

Ans. No, once lost, vision can not be restored. only Surgery can help you to preserve the remaining vision

Q. Is there any relation of Glaucoma & Nutrition ?

Ans. No

Q. Is there any relation of glaucoma and spectacle number ?

Ans. Yes those patient having higher number of refractive error (plus or minus) are more prone to develop glaucoma.

Q. Is there any relation of glaucoma with any physical exercise or yoga ?

Ans. Yes, It has been proved that those people practicing.” Shirshasana” for more than 10-15 years are more likely to develop glaucomatous changes.


Q. Will my vision improve immediately

Ans. You should be able to see reasonably well within a few days after your procedure. If you have had a surface PRK procedure, Your vision may Fluctuate for next 1 week . If you have had a lasik procedure, your vision is likely to stabilize around a month after the procedure.

Q. What are the possible side effects of the procedure

Ans. Early side effect of any corneal procedure includes light sensitivity, glare & foreign body sensation in the eye. Sometimes procedure may result in undercorrection, or overcorrection may occur. Corneal haze can also occur in some patient

Q. How do I know if I am a good candidate for lasik

Ans. Patient who are 18 years of age and older, having healthy eyes that are free from retinal problem, corneal scars and any eye disease.

Q. If the effect of lasik is permanent

Ans. Yes, the effect of treatment is permanent.

Q. Will I need reading glasses after the treatment ?

Ans. If you are 40 year of the age and more than that, then you will need presbyopic glasses for reading. The lasik treatment does not correct or prevent presbiopia.

Q. How soon after the treatment can I bath & take a shower?

Ans. You should not shower for one week but you can take bath on next day. Avoid getting soap or water directly in to your eyes. Avoid rubbing your yees during the 1st month after surgery.

Q. When can I drive after the treatment ?

Ans. Don’t drive on the same day . After that you can drive when you feel comfortable for safe driving.

Q. How soon can I use eye makeup ?

Ans. You can make up your eyes 4 weeks after treatment but take care to avoid infection.

Q. How soon I can swim ?

Ans. Don’t swim for at lease 4-6 week after treatment

Q. What kind of anaesthesia is used during the treatment ?

Ans. Topical anaesthesia i.e. numbing eye drops are used.

Q. Can both eye be treated at the same time?

Ans. In lasik both eyes are treated at the same time

Q. Does lasik Hurt ?

Ans. Lasik is the painless treatment . You will feel pressure on and around the eye during treatment. Some patient feel foreign body sensation for a day after treatment.

Q. Will my eyes be patched?

Ans. No but clear protective eye shields or black goggles will be placed following treatment.

Q. Will I need to wear spectacles or contact lenses after procedure?

Ans. Both surface PRK & Lasik are design to allow you to discontinue the use of your corrective lenses. In some patient with high refractive errors and in those over 40 years of age corrective lenses may still be required. In some patient however , it may be possible to perform a second refractive procedure to correct a residual refractive error.

Q. Is the lasik procedure covered by insurance?

Ans. Lasik is consider a elective / cosmatic surgery and it is not covered by many health insurance plans. However you can contact & ask about to your insurance agency for the same.

Q. Is the lasik procedure covered by insurance?

Ans. Lasik is consider a elective / cosmatic surgery and it is not covered by many health insurance plans. However you can contact & ask about to your insurance agency for the same.

Q. When can I resume my normal activities ?

Ans. If you have had a surface PRK , you will be able to return to work within 1-2 weeks’s of surgery . If you have had lasik procedure you can return to work within one week. Eye medication should be continued during working hours as instructed by the surgeon. Direct eye contact with water or rubbing of the eye or any type of trauma should be avoided for at least one week following Lasik

Q. What is the criteria for Lasik surgery?

  • 3-Age of the patient should be over 18 year. Spectacle of the patient should be stable for at leans six month.
  • Corneal thickness more than 480 microns which will be evaluated by us – with Oculyzer -II.
  • A complete retinal evaluation
  • RGP / Semi soft lens use discontinued 3 weeks prior to Lasik
  • Soft contact lens use to be discontinued 2 weeks before Lasik.

Q. Is lasik a safe procedure ?

  • Yes if the requisite tests and above criteria is followed
  • If done after a through screening
  • use of latest equipments
  • Done under the care of expert hands
  • It is an FDA approved procedure.

Q. Up to what number can lasik correct

  • A wide range of refractive error can be corrected including near sightedness, far Sightedness & astigmatism.
  • Near sightedness – minus 1 to minus 12
  • Far sightedness – plus 1 to plus 6
  • Astigmatism ( cylindrical ) – up to 6 diopter cylinder.


Q. Why squint occurs ?

Ans. Most of the time it is congenital .Other causes includes trauma, untreated or un-noticed higher levels of refractive error and neurological causes

Q. How squint is treated ?

  • Underlying cause of squint must be treated first
  • If surgical treatment requires it should be done as early as possible .

Q. Can use of spectacles decreases squint ?

Ans. Yes, if the squint is because of higher refractive error (spectacle number) use of spectacle can eliminate or reduce your squint.

Q. Can eye exercise reduce squint?

Ans. Yes, at some level. The eye exercise advised by your eye surgeon can help.

Q. Is there any relation of nutrition squint?

Ans. No

Q. Can it occur if the close person already having squint?

Ans. No

Q. Why to go for squint treatment

  • To restore 3 D vision
  • To straighten the eyes – cosmetically
  • To preserve or restore vision